What causes eczema in adults?

What causes eczema in adults?

Want to learn more about eczema? Yes, it's spelt eczema, not exima! We’re here to help.

What is eczema? 

Affecting an estimated 3% of the adult population worldwide, eczema is one of the most common inflammatory skin conditions characterised by fluctuating periods of flare ups and rest. More frequently seen in children, its symptoms are non-contagious and usually improve with age, but it can affect people of all ages. For some with mild eczema, it is nothing more than an occasional annoyance, but for chronic eczema sufferers, it can have both physiological and psychological effects that can negatively impact upon the quality of people’s lives. 

While there is no definitive cure for eczema yet, understanding how your skin barrier and function impacts upon your eczema flare-ups can help you to relieve and reduce its symptoms. So, here’s all you need to know. 

What are the different types of eczema? 

Eczema comes in seven different forms: atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, discoid eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and stasis dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis (also known as atopic eczema) is the most common form, and people with this type of eczema often suffer from other allergic conditions such as food allergies, asthma or hay fever.

What causes eczema in adults?

What causes eczema? 

A single triggering factor as the cause of eczema has not yet been pinpointed. There may be several underlying factors in play like genetics, or other lifestyle-based triggers that weaken the immune system such as stress, diet and lack of sleep. People with atopic eczema may have a genetic tendency for an over reactive immune system that causes the skin barrier to become dry and itchy and triggers and inflammatory reaction in the skin.  

How does eczema impact skin sensitivity? 

The most common symptoms associated with eczema are signs of sensitivity including itching, flakiness, extreme dryness, tightness and inflamed and sore patches. These problem areas of skin are most often located on the face, hands, feet and the creases inside of elbow and knee joints. People suffering from eczema will increased skin sensitivity, but you can have a sensitive skin without suffering from eczema at all. 

Can strengthening the skin barrier support with eczema? 

The good news is that it can. People suffering from eczema will have a weakened skin barrier. The weaker the skin barrier, the more easily external aggressors will be able to enter the layers of skin beneath, which will trigger even more signs of sensitivity, so the whole thing becomes a vicious sensitising spiral. Having a more resilient skin barrier will help to decrease the symptoms of eczema, but will not help to treat the condition, as only cortico-steroid prescriptions drug can actually treat this condition. 

Can eczema be cured? 

Unfortunately, there is no cure for eczema, only treatments that will help to elongate the time between and decrease the intensity of flare ups like corticosteroids. However, using some naturally efficacious products in between eczema flare ups can help to strengthen the skin’s barrier and reduce the signs of sensitivity and discomfort associated with the condition. 

What causes eczema in adults?

Our AM product 

Evercalm™ Global Protection Day Cream is our bestselling morning moisturiser, formulated for sensitive skin and suitable for eczema-prone skin, that immediately hydrates and calms. Packed with nourishing and soothing bioactives, it not only intensively hydrates, but also helps to protect your skin from external aggressors. 

The key bioactives 

Blackcurrant Seed Oil – a nourishing and soothing oil, rich in Omega 3. 

Sea Buckthorn Oil –a hydrating and protecting oil, rich in Omega 7. 

Camellia and Calendula Oils – a calming combination of oils that replenishes skin and helps to strengthen the skin barrier. 

Global Protection Complex – our unique bioactive blend containing 4 active ingredients sourced from plants and algae that have the ability to naturally protect themselves from, and repair/mitigate damage caused by external aggressors. 

What causes eczema in adults?

Our PM product 

Evercalm™ Overnight Recovery Balm is our bestselling moisture barrier recovery balm, formulated for sensitised skin and suitable for eczema-prone skin, that wraps your skin in a protective blanket of essential lipids during its overnight regenerative processes to help reinforce its protective barrier (minimising water loss that can lead to dehydration and increased sensitivity) and help decrease signs of sensitivity accumulated during the day.  

The key bioactives 

Enzymatically Activated Oil Complex – a blend of Olive, Almond, Borage and Linseed Oils, rich in triglycerides, that work together to help create a physical barrier of protection to help reduce signs of skin irritation. 

Beta-Glucan – helps to protect the skin from external aggressors by strengthening the skin barrier, which in turn helps to soothe and calm sensitive skin and relieve symptoms of discomfort and itchiness.  

Sunflower Oil Unsaponifiables – are a lightweight concentration of fatty acids to intensively moisturise and replenish the natural skin lipid balance.